historical essay 1

As depression struck the new nation in the mid-1780s, new questions arose about the nature of American democracy. Many conservatives believed that the answer lay in a stronger national government. Most radicals believed it was up to the states to relieve the financial burden of the people. These sentiments fostered a movement for a new constitution. Political differences soon stimulated the creation of political parties.

Compare and contrast the Articles of Confederation with the new Constitution of 1787. What were the strengths and weaknesses of the Articles vis-à-vis the Constitution? Give specific instances that demonstrate the weakness of the Articles (such as the Western problem).

Then analyze the drafting of the Constitution, using specific details to show how the various states (slave vs. free, east vs. west) compromised in order to effectively draft a constitution. Pay particular attention to Roger Sherman’s plan, the Great Compromise, which broke a stalemate that could have been fatal to the development of the new Constitution.

Finally, compare and contrast the debate over ratification between the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists. Make sure you cite specific examples from the Federalist Papers to support the Federalist position and contrast it with leading proponents of the opposition (such as John Hancock). Analyze how the debate over a bill of rights illustrates the differences between the two parties. Evaluate the relative success of the Bill of Rights in achieving an effective balance between national and states’ interests.

This paper must be four to five double-spaced pages in length (not including the References page) and utilize no less than four academic quality sources. Margins should be no more than one inch (right and left) and the essay should be composed in an appropriate font and size. Sources must be documented and cited using APA format.

Criteria Ratings Pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeLength

20.0 pts

Meets length requirement

0.0 pts

Does not meet length requirement

20.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeContent

40.0 pts

Paper addresses all aspects of the assignment.

34.0 pts

Paper addresses most aspects of the assignment.

28.0 pts

Paper addresses some aspects of the assignment.

20.0 pts

Paper addresses few aspects of the assignment.

0.0 pts

No effort

40.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeOrganization & Concepts

40.0 pts

Ideas are logically organized, including inviting introduction (with a thesis statement) and a satisfactory conclusion, that come together in complete concepts.

34.0 pts

Ideas are well organized, including inviting introduction (with a thesis statement) and a satisfactory conclusion, with complete concepts.

28.0 pts

Organization and concepts need some restructuring.

20.0 pts

Organization and concepts are difficult to follow and incomplete.

0.0 pts

No effort

40.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeWriting

25.0 pts

Throughout the whole work, the writing actively engages with the topic, is free of major errors in grammar, spelling, and punctuation; demonstrates strong word choice and sentence variety; avoids short paragraphs that tend to make a paper choppy and difficult to read.

21.25 pts

Throughout most of the work,the writing actively engages with the topic, is free of major errors in grammar, spelling, and punctuation; demonstrates strong word choice and sentence variety; avoids short paragraphs that tend to make a paper choppy and difficult to read.

17.5 pts

Throughout some of the work, the writing actively engages with the topic, is free of major errors in grammar, spelling, and punctuation; demonstrates strong word choice and sentence variety; avoids short paragraphs that tend to make a paper choppy and difficult to read.

12.5 pts

Throughout little of the work, the writing actively engages with the topic, is free of major errors in grammar, spelling, and punctuation; demonstrates strong word choice and sentence variety; avoids short paragraphs that tend to make a paper choppy and difficult to read.

0.0 pts

No effort

25.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeAPA: Citation and Reference Formatting

15.0 pts

Throughout the whole work, in-text references are formatted using APA style; references page includes complete bibliographic information for sources using APA style; references page includes complete bibliographic information for sources using APA style.

12.75 pts

Throughout most of the work, in-text references are formatted using APA style; references page includes complete bibliographic information for sources using APA style; references page includes complete bibliographic information for sources using APA style.

10.5 pts

Throughout some of the work, in-text references are formatted using APA style; references page includes complete bibliographic information for sources using APA style; references page includes complete bibliographic information for sources using APA style.

7.5 pts

Throughout little of the work, in-text references are formatted using APA style; references page includes complete bibliographic information for sources using APA style; references page includes complete bibliographic information for sources using APA style.

0.0 pts

No effort

15.0 pts

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeAPA: Title Page, References Page, & Page Format

10.0 pts

Paper includes all of the following per APA style: title page, references page, correct margins, correct spacing, and correct font size.

8.5 pts

Paper includes 4 of the following per APA style: title page, references page, correct margins, correct spacing, and correct font size.

7.0 pts

Paoer uncludes 3 of the following per APA style: title page, references page, correct margins, correct spacing, and correct font size.

5.0 pts

Paper includes 2 of the following per APA style: title page, references page, correct margins, correct spacing, and correct font size.

0.0 pts

Paper includes 1 or none of the following per APA style: title page, references page, correct margins, correct spacing, and correct font size.

10.0