history and machiavelli thoughts

Q/ Why is Machiavelli usually considered the “father of modern political thought “? Why was Machiavelli more interested in “what is “rather than “what ought to be”? According to Machiavelli what was wrong with Italy of his own day?

Answer to the question should be at three pages with all parts answered. Answer each part with explanation and expansion into the answer. the total page should be 3.